A line too long: no choice but action on ‘Broken immigration system’

President Obama speaks at Del Sol High School, Las Vegas. Nov. 21, 2014 (whitehouse.gov)
President Obama speaks at Del Sol High School, Las Vegas. Nov. 21, 2014 (whitehouse.gov)

“Our immigration system has been broken for a very long time — and everybody knows it.”

-President Barack Obama, addressing Las Vegas high school students whose families are affected by his use, this week, of executive authority on immigration reform

The Republicans know it. The conservative cabal that pulls the party’s purse strings knows it. They would have you believe that getting in the “back of the line” is the only fair way to handle immigration reform. The problem is, some people are doomed to wait in line for almost 25 years, and the more people we put in the line, the longer that line gets.

Maybe that’s what the far right wants, a broken system where, as the president said, Friday, families are “stuck in line for years.” After all, it fits in with their narrative of a broken and incompetent government.

The State Department has three major categories of visas it considers: family members of U.S. citizens, employment based visas (for which there is a relatively short waiting period) and diversity visas (a quota system for global regions that is only good for the fiscal year in which the application is filed).

“There are so many different lines. It’s very hard for people to understand that there are so many different categories and that each wait time is different,” Mary Giovagnoli, of the solutions oriented Immigration Policy Council, told the Washington Post in January.

A year ago, according to the State Department, there were 4.3 million people with family sponsored visa requests. The latest bulletin from Foggy Bottom says that the last family visas for siblings from Mexico it was considering were applied for in February, 1997. For married children of U.S. citizens, the last visas approved for Mexicans were applied for in November, 1993. If you are a citizen and want a visa for your sister in the Philippines, the last visas granted were for people who applied in May, 1991!

And just because someone applied for a visa back then doesn’t mean they are next on the list, because only a limited number of employment based and family requested papers are available every year to applicants from each country.

“The idea that the people can simply get in the back of the line is a little bit simplistic in practice,” Madeleine Sumption, a senior policy analyst at the Migration Policy Institute, a non-partisan immigration policy think tank supported by philanthropic and government policy advocacy groups, told the Fiscal Times, this past spring.

At least one Republican considering a 2016 presidential run seems to understand the difficulties of the “wait in line” concept. At a panel of GOP governors who are seen as contenders for the nomination, Ohio Gov. John Kasich went counter to the crowd and the rigid stance of his on-stage colleagues in Boca Raton, Florida, when he admitted:

“My sense is I don’t like the idea of citizenship when people jump the line, [but] we may have to do it. It may be a laborious and tough process. I would never say we would never do it. … At the end of the day it may be necessary.”

President Obama’s executive action acknowledges that reality, and he admits he can’t do anything about the wait, right now. His order, though, is neither amnesty nor a path to citizenship. That, he admits, requires Congressional action. The only thing it does is keep law abiding, tax paying folks who have children who are citizens or are otherwise here legally, from being deported. As he said on Friday:

“If you’ve been in America for more than five years; if you have children who are American citizens or legal residents; if you register, you pass a background check, you are willing to pay your fair share of taxes –- then you’re going to be able to apply to stay in this country temporarily without fear of deportation. You can come out of the shadows, get right with the law.”

The only line that may be getting shorter is the one for employment based visas.

Both the memoranda the president signed are geared to spur the executive branch to find means and methods, with the help of immigration advocacy groups and technology companies, to expedite repairing the broken process for everyone. That is well within his authority. It is unrealistic to expect the Republicans in the upcoming Congress to have the political courage to do any meaningful immigration reform, that takes into account the affect our inaction has on millions of families.

“The U.S. is kind of torn between wanting to be generous, yet not wanting to be too generous,” Sumption said in May, “And that means that on paper U.S. laws pretend to give people the right to come to the country, but in practice they have to wait so long that many of them may as well not have that right.”


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Egypt: Radicalization could win

Egyptian families mourn slain relatives
Egyptian families in anguish over slain relatives. Originally posted by ibn3omar, on tumblr.com, August 15, 2013

“…eyewitnesses and reporters say troops were firing indiscriminately at the crowd, including with snipers who picked-off unarmed civilians at an alarming rate.”
GlobalPost story about the Egyptian military’s Wednesday massacres against Islamists, in Cairo

The Muslim Brotherhood and their backers say they will sacrifice themselves to preserve the integrity of their fledgling democracy, and the abrogated presidency of Mohammed Morsi. “As soon as he left the house with a Koran in his hand,” a brother of a killed Islamist told reporters, “he was ready to become a martyr.”

The New York Times tells the story of snipers firing at crowds of panicked protesters, an old man yelling, “We only meet one death. Let it be martyrdom.”

There is even an ongoing “live list” of “massacre martyrs,” being promoted by members of the Muslim Brotherhood.

“It is becoming increasingly clear that history is repeating itself as tragedy in Egypt,” said Mohammed Ayoob, a University Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Relations, Michigan State University, and Adjunct Scholar at the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding. In a blog for CNN, he wrote, “This year reminds me of 1954, when Colonel Nasser, who had led the Egyptian military coup against the then corrupt monarchy in 1952 with the help of the Muslim Brotherhood, turned against his Islamist allies, banned the party, threw its leaders in jail and ultimately executed several of them.” The result, he said, was the radicalization of the Islamist movement.

Movie analogies can often trivialize a tragedy like the one going on right now in Egypt, but this one seems somehow appropriate. It is a scene from Godfather II, when Michael Corleone is in Cuba, visiting the elderly Hyman Roth, who is looking for Michael to invest in a country which is in the middle of a violent revolution.

I saw an interesting thing happen today. A rebel was being arrested by the military police, and rather than be taken alive, he exploded a grenade he had hidden in his jacket. He killed himself, and took a captain of the command with him… it occurred to me. The soldiers are paid to fight — the rebels aren’t.

What does that tell you?

They can win.

Dr. Ayoob warns that “Wednesday’s events must have made clear to the Brotherhood faithful, not only in Egypt but across the Arab world, that [Muslim Brotherhood founder, Sayyid] Qutb and his disciples were right and that politics in the Muslim world is indeed a zero sum game and the taghuti (Satanic) regimes will never allow Islamist political formations access to political power.

“The time is therefore ripe for the rise of another Sayyid Qutb and his call to arms.”

The United States’ reaction to the coup has been ambiguous and confusing to a country and a region struggling to find a way to succeed with their new democracies, while fathers hold their murdered children in their bloodied arms. President Obama’s statement, Thursday, condemning the violence and announcing that we would not participating in biennial Bright Star war games with the Egyptian military, was a pointless gesture. There have been other times when we didn’t hold those joint maneuvers, and it’s probably something that wouldn’t have happened, anyway, because Egypt’s army is otherwise occupied.

Even the State Department’s spokesperson, Jen Psaki, admitted in Thursday’s press briefing, “I don’t think anyone in the government thinks that simply the cancellation of Bright Star is going to change actions on the ground.”

Earlier this week, Psaki’s boss, Secretary of State John Kerry, rather than calling the overthrow of Morsi a coup – which would have meant halting more than a billion dollars in aid to the country – called it “a restoration of democracy,” a phrase Ayoob characterizes as “Orwellian.”

Meanwhile, Psaki said, the administration continues to evaluate the situation because “we believe the door remains open for dialogue and to return to a long-term sustainable democracy. That’s why we’re continuing to work with all parties on it.”

And that’s why they won’t call it a coup, because they don’t want to piss off the Egyptian army leadership who are running – or perhaps ruining – that country. But maybe we need to piss them off, call it a coup and hold back the money, to get their attention.

It’s as if the Obama administration is following the advice of Hyman Roth, when he confronts the wisdom of Michael’s discernment:

I wouldn’t want it to get around that you held back the money because you had second thoughts about the rebels.